Biography of Imam ‘Abdulraḥmān b. Nasir al-Sa’dī (d.AH1376) – (raḥimahullah)
Imam ‘Abdulraḥmān b. Nasir al-Sa’dī (raḥimahullah) has completed the Tafsīr of the whole Qur’ān called Taysīr al-Karīm al-Raḥmān fi Tafsīr kalām al-Mannān. It is a summary of mainstream tafsīr compilations. He was one of the scholars of Qasīm (central Saudi Arabia) and lived and taught in ‘Unaizah. He was eloquent and had skills in different areas of the Islamic field. He was born in the year AH1307 and grew up an orphan as his parents died when he was young. He memorised the whole Qur’ān by the age of fourteen. He continued learning Islamic Monotheism (Tawḥīd), tafsīr, ḥadīth, Islamic jurisprudence and the Arabic language at an early age. He died in the year AH1376.
He would primarily refer to the books of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (raḥimahullah) and Imam Ibn al-Qayyim (raḥimahullah). Clearly, he asserted the mainstream Sunni belief in the Names and Attributes of Allāh. He took twenty-two years to complete the tafsīr of the Qur’ān and his intention was to make the explanation of the Qur’ān easily understood with clear explanations in a summarised way.
Imam ‘Abdulraḥmān b. Naṣr al-Sa’dī (raḥimahullah) refuted the Ashcarite, Jahmite and Sufī creeds in his Tafsīr. It included benefits from Imam Ibn al-Qayyim’s tafsīr found in his books. Imam Al-Sa’dī (raḥimahullah), in matters concerning Allāh’s Names and Attributes, would follow the way of the Prophet’s Companions and their Successors in asserting the apparent meaning. For example, regarding the verse:
ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ
“Then He Istawā (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty).”
[Khān and al-Hilālī]
Imam Al-Sa’dī (raḥimahullah) (2002:837) said, “This refers to Allāh rising (istawā) that suits His Majesty for He is above all of His creation.” Regarding the verse:
لِّلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا الْحُسْنَىٰ وَزِيَادَةٌ
“Those who have done good, for them is the best reward (paradise) and something more.”
Imam Al-Sa’dī (raḥimahullah) asserted the apparent meaning of the Attribute of ‘Face’ when he said, “They will have paradise complete in its beauty and ‘something more’ refers to seeing His ‘Face’, hearing His Speech, succeeding in gaining His pleasure and delighted at being close to Him”